Milk consumption is very high in our country. There will hardly be any city or village where there is no demand for milk. If you also want to start a dairy farm business by investing less money, then you should read this article. Nowadays many educated youths are earning very good money by doing this dairy farm business professionally. The special thing about this business is that there is no worry about the sale due to the demand of milk throughout the year is very high.
The government also provides assistance to do dairy farming. State governments provide subsidy to help their cattle rearers. In Haryana, if someone buys a cow or buffalo for dairy farming, the government gives a loan of Rs 50,000 per buffalo and Rs 30,000 per cow. The interest rate of this loan is very low and the interest has to be paid only once in a year.
What Is Dairy Farming Business?
Before starting a dairy farm business, you should have complete information dairy farm business starts with animal husbandry, that is, rearing cows, buffaloes or goats and trading their milk is called dairy business. As milk is a drinkable substance and it is very useful for human life, it is needed by all of them, from children to old, old and young.
Dairy Farm Business Plan
Dairy farming business plan should include various components which are as follows:
Introduction: Describing the business, purpose, key issues, basic business description and financial summary (for existing businesses). The financial summary should contain basic data information related to revenue and value, net farm income and cash flow, working capital, etc.
Mission Statement: Business mission in which this business can produce best quality milk or dairy products for its customers at affordable or best prices.
Farm Location: The business plan should include the relevant information about the area, city and state to set up the farm. The plan should also contain the details of the leased or rented space.
Cattle and farm machinery/equipment: Total number of cattle used in dairy farming business and number and type of machinery purchased along with names and bills to be submitted.
Proposed Business Idea and Marketing Strategies: The plan should contain all the information related to various advertisements, business proposals, marketing strategies, new ventures to be undertaken, brand campaigns, etc.
Implementation Plan Summary: The plan summary should outline business plans for implementing the new and improved management along with anticipated timelines for completion.
Next five years target, year by year details with details of all licenses and permissions required to start dairy farming business in India.
Dairy Farm Business Model India
In the last years, people who are doing dairy business in India, according to statistics, their income has increased by 24% after 2017, which was 19% in 2014, which has increased by 5% in 3 years, 5% means many crores rupees and it is estimated that there is a great demand for Dairy Farm Business in India.
How To Start Dairy Farm Business
You can start dairy farming business in 3 ways:-
- Small scale dairy farming
- Medium scale dairy farming
- Large scale dairy farm (Large scale dairy farming Business in India)
Let see complete information about them in detail.
- Small scale dairy farming
To start dairy business on a small scale, you need less buffaloes and cows, in this you have to make a small budget of your own and move forward following the same budget. First you can take 2 buffaloes and 3 cows and before taking them you have to make sure that they are of real breed and not because their milk will be sold according to the rate of their breed because wherever you sell milk you will be asked about fat.
I can also ask, if you trade 15 to 20 kg of milk in a day, then you can earn up to 50 thousand in a month and your investment in this will be only 1.5 lakh once.
- Medium scale dairy farming
Dairy farm is an average business at a medium level, in this business you need 20 to 25 buffaloes and cows, in this also you have to make an average budget and follow the same budget and proceed Before selling milk, you have to make sure that it is of real breed and not because their milk will be sold according to the rate of their breed, because wherever you sell milk, you can also ask about fat if you consume 40 to 50 kg a day. If you trade milk, you can earn up to 1 lakh per month and your investment in this will be only 2 lakhs once.
- Large scale dairy farming business in India
To open a dairy farm on a large scale, you need special types of buffaloes and cows, in this business you can start the business of selling buffaloes or cows along with milk. Buffaloes have to be found which gives more milk and good diet and fodder are also needed to feed them because if you are going to open a dairy farm on a large scale then your investment can also be high, the cost of good cows and buffaloes too.
Similarly, if you need 40 to 50 cows and buffaloes on a large scale and you trade 300 to 350 kg of milk a day and you can save up to 10 thousand in a day, then you can earn up to 3 lakhs a month and your investment in this will not be 1 time but again and again because you have to buy good diet and fodder which will be from 10 to 15 lakhs.
Read Also: How to start Mushroom farming Business.
Where to buy cows and buffaloes for dairy farm?
If you want to be successful in dairy farm business, then your first step should be that what kind of cows and buffaloes we will keep on our farm, because from there the foundation of this business starts with different breeds of cows and buffaloes. And their quality is also decided by the same breed.
To accelerate this business, the Government of India has also created an online website from where you can buy cows and buffaloes for dairy farm https://dahd.nic.in/trade. Apart from this, if you have complete information about buying cows and buffaloes, then after going to the place where cows and buffaloes are saved, you can buy cows and buffaloes from there.
How to select cows and buffaloes for dairy farm?
As we told you that if you want to be successful in dairy farm business, then your first step should be that what kind of cows and buffaloes you will keep on your farm, because from there the foundation of this business starts with cows and buffaloes. There are different types of breeds and their quality is also determined by the same breed. Below we have made a list of breeds of cows and buffaloes with grades, which are as follows.
- Mura – 20ltr to 25Ltr Milk
- Bhadawari – 16ltr to 20Ltr Milk
- Jafrabadi – 10ltr to 12Ltr Milk
- Surati – 8ltr to 10Ltr Milk
- Mehsana – 5ltr to 10Ltr Milk
- Nagpuri – 5ltr to 10Ltr Milk
You can select cows and buffaloes for dairy farm through this list.
What to feed to cows and buffaloes?
We expect more milk from cows and buffaloes in dairy farm, but unless we feed them good diet, they will not give much milk, that’s why good fodder, loose fodder, some mustard oil, some minerals and Some native remedies can be adopted, due to which their ability to give milk will be more.
Work required to open Dairy Farm
There are some important tasks to open a dairy farm, which we cannot ignore, whose list is as follows.
If you expect your buffalo or cow to give you a lot of milk, then you have to feed your buffalo accordingly. The ability to give milk to any buffalo or cow depends on the kind of food it eats. That’s why you have to take good care of the food of buffaloes. On the other hand, the food given to buffaloes or cows includes dry fodder and fresh grass, apart from this; many types of minerals (minerals) are also given to buffaloes.
Before starting dairy farm business, you should select a place where the buffaloes or cows you have bought will be kept. Before opening any type of dairy, it is very important to choose the place, for water facility at that place because a lot of water is drunk by buffaloes or cows. That’s why choose such a place, where you can get water freely, while in the summer season, a fan is also needed to give air to buffaloes or cows, for which electricity facility is also available there.
Open your dairy on one or two acres of land only. Because the more open the space, the better you will be able to keep the food items given to buffaloes or cows.
Construction Work In Selected Location
After choosing the place, you have to make some rooms to keep buffaloes or cows in that place. So that buffaloes or cows can be kept in those rooms during the winter season. Apart from the rooms, you have to make a roof with the help of tin. Buffaloes or cows can be easily kept under that roof.
Apart from this, for the convenience of feeding them under the roof, you will also have to construct a place in the shape of a box. So that you will be able to put food items for them in the box shaped place. At the same time, apart from the things mentioned above, you will need three to four more rooms. In these rooms you will be able to keep their food items, milk utensils and other things.
Selection of People
You will need some people to milk the buffaloes, feed them on time and clean them. So you have to hire some people for this work.
Milking Buffaloes or Cows
After selecting the people, the next task is the process of milking of buffaloes. Milk can be taken from buffaloes twice a day. At the same time, give instructions to the people employed on this task to extract milk with cleanliness. After the milk is out, store all the milk in one place. After which you can sell this milk.
Give only the right kind of food to the buffaloes. If you let them eat bad food then it can spoil their health, apart from this, keep getting the buffaloes examined from time to time by the veterinary doctor. Not only this, many types of vaccinations are also given to buffaloes, so that they do not get any disease.
Business Registration (License Process)
If you want to sell milk by opening your company, then you will have to register your company for this. To get the company registered, you have to think of a name for your company. At the same time, you can get your company name registered from the local authority by going to the office, apart from this you will also need to get trade license, FSSAI license and VAT registration done. The process of these licenses and registration will also cost you a little bit.
Business Budget And Credit Facilities
If you are facing any financial crunch to start this business, then you can take a loan from the bank, while the government is also providing subsidy in many ways to promote this business. At the same time, before taking a loan from any bank, make sure that at what rate of interest and within how much time you will have to return that loan.
Tips – If you want to start this business and you do not have money, then the Government of India has run a scheme called Pradan Mantri Mudra Yojana, under which you are given a loan by the Government of India at very low interest to start this business.
Tips- Don’t buy land in the beginning, take it on rent and pay its rent thinking as if you are paying the salary of a worker, it will affect your investment a lot and there will be reduction in investment, when your business comes in good profit then you can go and buy your own land.
Loan For Dairy Farm Business
To promote Make in India, the Government of India has ordered all the banks to give loans easily to start a new business. If you want to start this business and you do not have money, then the Government of India has a scheme called Pradan Mantri Mudra Yojana, under which you are given a loan by the Government of India at very low interest to start this business.
If you want to take a business loan for any business, then you are going to get all the information about all types of business loans in this list- Business Loans
Get 33% subsidy on loans up to Rs.7 lakh.
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) launched a subsidy scheme under Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS) in which farmers will be benefited to get subsidy on dairy farming loans through approved banks. 50,000 to the farmers.
Up to 33.33% subsidy can be availed on the total agricultural cost. By visiting the approved Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), or commercial and co-operative banks, the applicant can obtain all necessary information related to the subsidy and Rs.7 lakh from the representatives of the nearest bank. Can get loan up to.